Presented in this article spring padlock, is a replica of old lock (photo 5 - 9 ). According to data of Novgorod archaeological expedition, this type of lock can be roughly date X - XI century AD. Distance between the shackle and the lock body is sufficiently small( photo 8 ). That might be explained to fact that the shackle is passed through the rings located on the door and door frame. Such rings can still be meet on the doors of old houses in rural areas of Russia. In the figure shows a sequence fastening of the ring ( photo 10 ). If door frame is thick enough, then there is another variant fastening of ring. Both halves of the ring holder leave straight, on their surface with a chisel makes serifs which prevent removal. Then hammer it into a wooden frame.
Another replica of lock ( photo 11 , 12 ).
In this article used materials Novgorod archaeological expedition.